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Agni, or Mahabharata in sacred texts, is the Hindu God of fire. He was once the most important god of the Vedic people. In the Vedas, Agni has the most hymns of all the Gods and Goddesses. He is most closely tied to sacrificial fires but has domain over all fires. He has flaming hair, rides a ram, and wields a spear. He rids the land at one time, of raskas with a fiery spear.

Agni’s mother is the mother Goddess Aditi and his father is Kashyapa, a Vedic sage. Agni’s siblings are Surya, Indra, Varuna, Vayu, Dyaus, and Samudra. Agni’s wife is the Goddess Svaha. He had two children, the Goddess Agneya. And Skanda, the God of war.

He is, in the Vedic text, the most important of all the Gods. He is the god of all fires, from digestive to sacrificial to funeral. He is not only the voice of the Vedic deities but also their messenger. All sacrifices got through him to the Gods. He is also omnipresent. He knows, sees, and hears all things. At first, he did not want the responsibility so he hid. Everywhere he hid, the animals revealed his hiding place. As punishment, he scrambled their speech for all time.

Later, he is dismembered and scattered throughout the Earth. His flesh and fat became the resin of the bdellium tree. His bones became pine trees. Agni’s semen becomes gold and silver. His blood and bile became different minerals. His nails became tortoises. His entrails became the avaka plant and his bone marrow the sand and gravel. The rest of his body became grasses. Agni’s sinew is tejana grass, his head hair kusa grass, and finally, his body hair is kasa grass for ritual.

Did you know any of this about Agni? Do you know something I missed? Let me know in the comments below. Until next week…